Due to rigorous standards, natural gas must be processed before it can be transported.
Natural gas processing takes raw natural gas and removes the various hydrocarbons and other compounds to produce pipeline-quality dry natural gas. While some of the processing can be accomplished at or near the wellhead (field processing), the complete processing of natural gas takes place at a processing plant, usually located in a natural gas producing region.
The extracted natural gas is transported to these processing plants through a network of gathering pipelines, which are small-diameter, low pressure pipes. Once processed, the natural gas may be used for electric generation, residential heating and cooking, manufacturing and transportation.
Natural gas transmission systems consist of a complex network of pipelines, designed to quickly and efficiently transport natural gas from its origin to areas of high demand. Our systems are comprised of interstate (across state borders) or intrastate (within state lines) pipelines, compressor stations, metering stations, valves and control stations.
Transmission pipelines deliver natural gas to local distribution companies, which distribute the product through their regional or municipal networks to homes and businesses for heat and energy, and increasingly deliver it to power generators and industrial complexes.
Our assets include more than 15,000 miles of transmission and gathering pipelines. Our enviable footprint across North America provides us the ability to serve demand markets with regional supply while also providing important interconnections to move supply to additional markets.
A key component of the natural gas network is storage. Storage helps balance supply and demand for natural gas. The volume of natural gas that can travel through pipelines each day is fixed, but demand for natural gas varies depending upon electric generation, residential, manufacturing and transportation needs. During periods when the need for natural gas is not as high, natural gas supplies are stored. When demand increases, the supplies are put back into the interstate pipeline network for delivery. These storage systems provide the flexibility to access supplies when they are needed.
We own and operates three types of storage solutions: depleted reservoirs, salt caverns and liquefied natural gas storage solutions.